Python is a multi-paradigm language which has the capacity for structural programming, functional programming, and object orientation. It was first designed in 1991. The need to develop Python language raised when there was a need for programmers to write shortcodes and still serve the purpose of full programming. It is effortless to learn for the beginners and also quite popular in present times. Python is a language that has multiple implementations.
Along with working in the native language, it can also interact with other languages through modules. There are several different frameworks in python. The professional back-end developers rely on two main frameworks for the programming–Django and flask. Keep on reading to get more details about both of these web development frameworks.
When you want to apply a certain framework whether it be a full-stack framework or non-full stack framework, you must analyze the size and complexity of the project that you are going to work on. This is especially true when you are going to work on a large system which would include a lot of features and have many requirements. This is when a full-stack framework comes into play. There are several frameworks out there, and it is your choice as to which framework you want to apply to your project. Here, we will suggest you the details of Django and the micro-framework flask along with their benefits which would help you to choose the framework which suits your requirements.
Django is a full-stack framework which supports developers by providing the template layout, form generators, and form validations. Few other examples of full stack frameworks are web2py, TurboGears and Cubic Web. Flask is a microframework also known as non-full stack framework. It does not help in providing extra features and functionalities for the user. The developer has to put effort to add the codes and other things by himself. A few examples of the non-full stack frameworks are Bottle, Cherry, Sanic and Tornado.
Django is an open-source framework, and it is free to use for anyone. It was released in 2005, and with each coming up versions were updated and free of any lack that was there in the previous versions. It is a very popular full-stack framework. Owing to its simplicity, it produces clean and powerful code. Its popularity can be concluded by the fact that it is used by many popular websites like
YouTube- where the developers can upgrade any require feature without much hassle
Instagram- provides the ease of scrolling through photos easily to the user, Dropbox where the user can manage their files use Django to manage to store and sharing of files
NASA -uses Django to help sort through the large number of users who come to access the videos, news, and photographs related to space.
Django is a comprehensive framework which means that it includes a lot of things that could be very useful in the web development process. When you use Django, you do not have to write the code by yourself; you can import the packages. Few of the benefits that the Django comes with are–It has free interactions with several packages like session’s package, admin package, and auth package. It can also temporarily interact with the messages package. Apart from that, it can hook in the content type framework. One more great feature about Django is that it has got the largest community from which the developers can get the help of my type any time.
Django is designed in such a way that it will help the developers to make the application faster. It helps the developer to deliver the application right on time or before the deadline. It is also cost-effective. Many companies are choosing the minimum viable product model for developing the beginner’s application. This means that the MVP model should be scalable. Django can help you to make the proper MVP model which can be built on further as it comes with all the features included. It is also helpful to provide security to keep the web application in a safer mode. The panels can be connected with one line of code which saves a lot of effort on the side of the developer.
Django can work with projects that are high load if it is implemented properly. When integrated with other technologies, it can give faster loading results and fast processing of the data. It is also beneficial to the customers because even if you are changing your development team; it is easily understood by the new people and comparatively an easy framework to work with. Because of all these features, it becomes one of the best full-stack development framework differentiates your theoretical learning from practical applications.
Flask is another framework of the python. It came into use in 2010. It is used to make the web services in Python and is a micro framework. This means that it has no dependency on the external libraries and much lighter to use. You need minimal coding; that means the core of web applications will be simpler in comparison to Django. Flask is developed on the jinja2 template engine, and it enhances the development of the dynamic web applications. The coders can expressively write the language as it has a built-in template engine. It saves a lot of time and effort of the developer.
Flask has a built-in development server and debugging with the flask is not as difficult. It comes with the integrated support for testing of the unit. With flask, you are in ultimate control of the developing stage in your project. You can easily put in any ORM as it is ORM agnostic. Coherency of the foundation API is guaranteed with the Flask framework. It is highly flexible and provides the functionality of HTTP requests. The documentation procedure in flask is quite comprehensive and well structured. The developer can document things from installation to deployment. It comes with a detailed tutorial and instruction set.
Even when the flask is minimalistic, it still works to build the web app prototype, whenever it is installed fresh. Using flask is the easiest way to build a simple web app with a single python file. As flask is a popular web framework, there is a lot of online help available for those who seek to learn it or just to expand their knowledge of working of the flask. Python has several important libraries just for the flask which makes it easier to work with the python web framework. Even though because of the default way of creating the applications with the flask is simple, it sometimes makes it hard to reuse them. However, with so many advantages, the flask is a recommended framework.
With the python, comes many frameworks which you can choose and use according to your convenience. Out of all the frameworks, Django and the Flask are the most popular ones in different categories of the full-stack framework and non-full stack framework simultaneously. With all the information provided above, you, along with the developer’s team, can choose which framework is right for your web app development.