If we ask our great-grandparents, they would have not heard about robots delivering pizza, drones capturing pictures, helper robots taking care of the elderly, Roomba robots that mop floors, software bots making software or writing articles or 3D or the robotic sci-fi films like actor Rajnikanth’s Enthiran in Tamil or Robot in English or the movie named Transformers or Terminator. Yes, welcome to the 21st century where robots are doing everything for you.
Wipro has an artificial platform called Holmes. Amazon, on the other hand, has many automated products – voice assistants like Alexa. Apple has its voice assistant Siri. IPsoft plans to launch its third cognitive computing platform Apollo soon. If you count the list then it will go long. Such AI-based platforms or products operate throughout the day and night at about one-third cost of similar off-shore operators or about one-ninth of the cost of onshore operators performing similar jobs as humans. We can call them “Humanoids”!
Whom will automation hurt the most? As per the previous research, lack of education increases job automation risk but how much education do you need? New data research says that automation risk at each level of education identifies the most susceptible to job automation. ISEA economists combined research by Oxford professors on the probability of automation for various occupations with employment data published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Oxford study suggests advances in machine learning and robotics will render many occupations obsolete.
There is no doubt if old jobs will disappear then new jobs will arise. But does it mean that the boon to technology ‘AI – Artificial Intelligence’ will take your job? Is your career safe? There is no doubt that automation will have an impact on the economy, labor market, and society. Let us discuss this matter and try to get better insights into the ten professions that are expected to be at risk by automation. Let us answer one of the common questions – robots are after our jobs, what we should do? Will my job be going, going, and gone?
Let’s begin with Automation
What is Job Automation?
Automation is the utilization of computer-controlled gadgets or hardware so as to control the work process. It is extremely noteworthy with regard to the workplace since it controls and fastens the processes. Much of the time, automation or robotization can supplant labor. For instance, with regards to planting seeds, machines will do that more unequivocally than a human ever could – and a lot quicker. Automation is significant in transportation, assembling, and office activities. Job automation these days exists in all businesses, even in sales and marketing.
What percentage of jobs can be expected to have lost to automation?
Over the most recent 15 years, 2% of individuals in the US have lost their jobs because of automation. This figure may look little, however, in genuine numbers, it is around 7 million individuals. Pessimists believe that sooner rather than later, just individuals who practice for places that can't be automated will have employment. They state that artists and musicians are on the safe side. Workers without an advanced education are confronting the greatest risk of automation.
Automated vs. Non-automated jobs
By 2030, you’ll find the following few jobs already automated:
- Insurance officers
- Manufacturing vocations
- Customer service
- Research and data entry
- Production line jobs
- TV advertising
- Fast food jobs
- Delivery services
Based on some research, certain professions have less than a 1% chance of being automated. These are:
- Physical therapist
- Installers and repairers
- Emergency management directors
- Healthcare workers
- Sales engineers
- Police officers
McKinsey & Company says that one in three jobs could be sooner or later automated and 5% of jobs will completely disappear or will be done by robots or computers. Jobs such as such are food delivery, construction, office administration, manufacturing, retail, data entry keyers, library technicians, and telemarketers. Even medicine could be changed by artificial intelligence. But for now, human lives are still in human hands.
10 Professions that are expected to be at risk of automation
Automation involves replacing tasks currently done by workers with technology, which could include computer programs, algorithms, or even robots. Here’s a curated list of 10 professions that are expected to be at risk by automation:
Customer assistant vs. Chatbot
It isn't so much that robots are dominating, however that daily practice and redundant errands can be done all the more rapidly and proficiently by a calculation composed by a human, or a machine intended for one explicit capacity. The danger of automation will in general be higher for lower-skilled jobs. Computer support specialists or receptionists come into this category. The field is anticipated to become 12% by 2024, however with such a great amount of content on the web with directions, bit by bit aides, and hacks out there, it's nothing unexpected organizations will depend all the more intensely on bots and automation to respond to help inquiries from representatives and clients in the future. The field is anticipated to become 12% by 2024, yet with such a great amount of substance on the web with guidelines, bit by bit aides, and hacks out there, it's nothing unexpected organizations will depend all the more vigorously on bots and automation to address support inquiries from workers and clients later on.
(Image credits: ons.gov.in)
2. Typist vs. Voice Assistant:
Alexa, write me an application! Human personal assistants have always been in demand in the past for doing the basic day-to-day task of the person with a senior role. What if those tasks are performed by voice assistants? That’s already been done by various voice assistants like Alexa, Siri, OkGoogle, etc. Not only the basic typing work but in 2017, Google’s AutoML research project demonstrated that it can generate machine learning software that is similar to the programs written by humans. This technique is known as “conversational programming” which means the ability to construct services by saying, 'Alexa, take these components and put them together to give me an application.’
3. Network engineers vs. Bots:
"In a few years it will be hard to find a job that's not augmented by AI," says, Erik Brown, a senior director in West Monroe Partners' technology practice. "Think about financial services and fraud detection, or risk exposure in investments. AI will be used by utility companies to predict how the weather will impact energy demand, and by insurance companies to process claims. And there will be a lot of jobs in education, teaching people how to use their business knowledge to train algorithms." Network engineering jobs could use automation to manage data centers more effectively and efficiently as Google performed with the DeepMind algorithms by developing the Chinese game of Go to defeat a human champion.
4. Driver vs. Driverless vehicles:
One of the biggest risks of automation will be embedding AI into hardware such as autonomous vehicles. Numerous organizations, including Google and Delphi, have been trying driverless vehicles on streets for a considerable length of time. The expectation is on the grounds that most mishaps are brought about by human mistakes, removing the human from the condition will really expand proficiency and wellbeing. In spite of the fact that we're likely still a couple of years from these vehicles being totally legitimate and out and about in power, the truth of the matter is driverless vehicles are as of now inactivity and are nearer to getting the green light than a great many people figure it out. So in the event that you rely upon heading to get by, it may be an ideal opportunity to toss on the brakes and locate another option.
5. Bookkeeping clerks vs. Automated software:
Employments in this job are relied upon to decay 8% by 2024, and it's nothing unexpected why - most accounting is getting mechanized, in the event that it hasn't been as of now. QuickBooks, FreshBooks, and Microsoft Office effectively offer programming that does the accounting for you that is substantially more moderate than an individual's pay, so it's nothing unexpected this activity has such a high likelihood.
6. Telemarketers vs. Robots:
You likely as of now get robocalls sake of different items and administrations, and professional development in the selling space is required to decay by 3% constantly 2024. This is to a great extent to a limited extent in view of the necessities to be effective: Unlike different sales jobs, phone salespeople don't require an elevated level of social, or enthusiastic, knowledge to be fruitful. Consider it - would you say you are probably going to buy from a phone salesperson? Transformation rates for direct phone deals are ordinarily under 10%, making this job a ready chance to be automated.
7. Delivery boy vs. Drone:
Dispatches and courier individuals are as of now being supplanted by drones (automatons) and robots, so it won't be long before this space is commanded via automation altogether. Simultaneously, this space is relied upon to develop by 5% by 2024, so it probably won't occur as fast as you might suspect.
8. Market Research Analysts vs. Growth bots:
Market Research Analysts assume an unimaginably significant job in the advancement of messaging, content, and products, yet automated AI and studies can accumulate this data increasingly more without any problem. GrowthBot, for instance, can lead market research on nearby organizations and contenders with a basic Slack command.
9. Loan officer vs. Computer:
Customarily, an advance official has chosen which organizations and people meet all requirements for subsidizing. In the event that you were fortunate, maybe you got somebody who had the option to curve and show a little empathy as you were attempting to tie down a home loan to get your first house. In any case, as some loaning organizations go through the course of automation and don't utilize any advanced officials, your destiny will in all likelihood be in the possession of a PC with an intricate calculation that chooses your future.
10. Retail salespeople vs. :
In the event that you've visited a shopping center, vehicle sales center, or furniture store of late, you probably won't have been helped by a sales rep at all from beginning to end. Organizations are democratizing the shopping involvement in highlights such as self-checkout, and the cutting edge purchaser is substantially more web sharp and bound to do web examination and settle on a purchasing choice all alone.
11. Factors affecting the risk of automation job loss
Following are the factors that can be determined to be the reason for the risk of job loss due to automation:
Place of work:
The place where you work affects the risk of job loss as this is driven by the types of jobs available in a particular area. The more jobs that require high-skilled workers in a particular area, the lower the risk of automation overall.
Age and gender:
As per the analysis of one website of the UK Govt. website (ons.gov.in) shows 70.2% of the job roles are at risk of automation in the age groups of 20 to 24 years when compared to the senior age groups. Younger people are more likely to be in the roles affected by job automation. The risk of job automation decreases for older workers and is quite lower between the age groups of 35 to 39 years. Just 1.3% of people in this age bracket are in roles at high risk of automation. The risk then increases from the age group 40 to 44 upwards. People who are part-time workers are more likely to work in roles at a higher risk of automation, but ultimately your occupation determines the probability of automation, not your working pattern.
How to keep your job in the automation-based future?
“If you are aware of the solution then the problem will never hurt you” is the best saying. Future-Proofing your career against automation or AI jobs is all that you need to be aware of now. The awareness regarding training and your inner development lies in two factors:
- Weak AI
- Machine Learning
Weak AI is also known as “narrow AI” and it refers to artificial intelligence that has been created to perform a particular task. This is the reason AI or automation in music, automated surgeries, automated web development, etc. are being used widely. As a jack-of-all-trades, automation will let you bring to the table a set of varied skills and experiences that only a malleable human brain could attain. Therefore, seeing machine learning and artificial intelligence have a harder time will skilled jobs and you should continue to look for education, degrees, and certifications as it will set you apart from more than ever before, so make life-long learning your #1 priority.
Facts and figures related to jobs automation
- Automation is expected to reach up to 30% of all jobs by the year 2030
- 3% of all the jobs globally are at risk of automation by the year 2020
- 30 % of the jobs reviewed are at risk of automation by the year 2030
- 44% of workers with lower education are at a higher risk of automation by 2030
- Jobs for women were at higher risk of automation over the next few years
- Jobs with male workers were at the highest risk of automation in the longer term
- One-fourth of jobs in the US are in danger of automation.
- The number of robots doing human jobs in various industries increases by 14% annually.
- Workers in junior positions are facing the biggest threat of automation.
- By 2030, artificial intelligence is expected to have a $15 billion impact.
- 55% of the jobs that don’t require a bachelor’s degree are in jeopardy of automation.
- One-third of new jobs could no longer exist in the next 25 years.
- 55% of workers think automation will boost their productivity.
- Storage, manufacturing, and transportation are facing the biggest chance to be fully automated, automation job loss statistics say.
What will the future of automation jobs look like?
Foxconn, a key manufacturing partner for Apple Inc., Google Inc., and Amazon.com Inc., already uses about 60,000 robots while Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., the third-largest global employer with 2.1 million workers, wants to replace its warehouse stock-checkers with flying drones that can scan miles of shelves in a fraction of the time, according to a 3 June article on the World Economic Forum (WEF) website.
Though this may all sound scary, it might offer some comfort to remember that we are all in the same boat. A tremendous change in outlook is in transit and we all must adjust. The manner in which we do that is by figuring out how to characterize ourselves in different manners. But there is a positive outcome too! AI is estimated to boost the global economy by a huge $15 trillion in just 10 years. AI is definitely going to help the global nation to afford solutions such as universal basic incomes. I don’t mind saying here that there may be a time when far fewer of us need to work.
“Within the next 10 years, tasks that can be learned will be automated. The focus for most engineers at the moment is advancing the Level of Automation (LOA) across the board to more advanced applications in the industry. The way we will realize these advancements is by building systems that can learn things they need to automate on their own, and within the next 10 years, this should be the reality.” - Vijay Bolina, Global FinTech
The following table shows 100 jobs that are most at risk of being replaced by robots:
[Source] the Following table shows 100 jobs that are at least risk of being replaced by robots:
Skills to save your job in the age of automation
As mentioned above, the effect of automation on jobs’ future has its bright sides. Automation trends and transformations of jobs open opportunities for people to learn new skills and choose more creative and diverse work. There is a distinct set of skills and qualities people have that a robot cannot offer, these are:
- Data analysis
- Critical thinking
- Communication skills
- Creative approaches
- Technological skills
While thinking about the general risk of automation, the three occupations with the most elevated likelihood of automation are waiters and waitresses, shelf fillers, and elementary sales occupations, which are all low-skilled or routine jobs.
The three occupations at the most reduced risk of automation are medical practitioners, higher education teaching professionals, and senior professionals of educational foundations. These occupations are totally viewed as high skilled.
The thing to be noted here is rather than worrying about replacement of your job with robots, you should think about diversifying skill sets and consider becoming IT pro. Remember, integration of robotic intelligence in machines is very complex and it will not happen on its own. Whilst you might have to use AI to write complex software scripts, ultimately humans will be required to perform the integration, modeling, and testing of these complex hardware or software configurations. So, start preparing yourself from now to take your knowledge or skill sets to that high level where you will never be replaced. Robots don’t have a mind on their own, but it’s the humans who implement that automation in robots! All the best!